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Guanajuato, Mexico, 4 September 2012 – Modernising brick production in developing countries to improve public health and dramatically reduce climate and air pollution is the focus of an ambitious global initiative launched today in Mexico.
Traditional brick production has been identified by the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) as an important area where substantial emissions reductions can be achieved for black carbon (soot), toxics and other pollutants.
Recent studies show that implementing more efficient technologies, mainly during the firing of bricks, can result in reductions in pollutant emissions of 10 to 50%, depending on the process, scale and fuel used.
Backed by 27 government, international and non-government partners, the CCAC will build on existing knowledge and proven technologies and policies to accelerate reductions in the harmful climate, air pollution, economic and social impacts from inefficient brick-making.
Regional and global climate benefits are expected, as well as improved air quality in areas where brick production takes place, leading to less personal exposure to harmful pollutants for producers, their families and nearby communities.
Economic benefits for communities, including poverty reduction, are further potential benefits in areas where more sustainable brick production is introduced and the quality of the bricks and overall market conditions are improved.
The initiative is led by Mexico’s National Institute of Ecology alongside CCAC partners the Institute of Governance and Sustainable Development, Climateworks Foundation, the Clean Air Task Force and the Stockholm Environment Institute.
CCAC partner countries Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana and Mexico are involved, along with other developing countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America, with financial support to launch the initiative provided by the Government of Canada.
Phase 1 begins today with a three-day capacity building workshop in the City of Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Mexico, which will examine public policies to reduce the environmental impacts of artisanal brick production.
The workshop is seen as a first step in the CCAC effort to put the issue of emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) from inefficient brick production squarely on national governments’ agendas to catalyze political engagement and action.
It will cover issues and solutions related to artisanal brick production in Latin America, Asia and Africa, including policies addressing the competitiveness, modernization and inclusiveness of the brick-making and construction sectors.
Synergies with ongoing efforts, for example in León and other municipalities in the State of Guanajuato, the City of Cuzco, Nemocón, Colombia, Bangladesh, India and others, will be sought through discussions and the exchange of experiences during the workshop.
For example, cleaner brick-making alternatives exist, including mechanized technologies, and the workshop participants will share their knowledge on the mitigation potential, ease of implementation, energy efficiency and cost of different options, and dispel some of the myths related to brick-making technology.
Elements of the CCAC brick production initiative include:
The types and quantities of kilns and the fuels used vary within regions and even within countries. For instance, there are approximately 100,000 large operating units in India, around 20,000 artisanal brick kilns in Mexico, while most of the 6,000 units in Bangladesh are the circa 1900´s large-scale kilns with fixed chimneys.
In the initiative’s pilot phase to be completed by the end of 2013, the characteristics of current brick production will be determined for each region, covering the technology, fuels, practices and socio-economic conditions, among other factors.
A second capacity building workshop will take place in another region in early 2013. Project demonstration outlines will also be developed for implementation in a subsequent phase.
Our Expert Assistance is a no-cost service that connects you to an extensive network of professionals for consultation and advice on a range of short-lived climate pollution issues and policies.
Experts will provide guidance on technological options, mitigation measures (like those carried out by our initiatives), funding opportunities, application of measurement tools, and policy development.