Bangladesh - National Planning on short-lived climate pollutants

SNAP Workshop, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Ongoing
started:
2013

Support from the Climate and Clean Air Coalition's SNAP initiative has culminated in an actionable plan to reduce short-lived climate pollutant (SLCP) emissions.

With support of the SNAP initiative, Bangladesh developed its First National Action Plan for Reducing Short-Lived Climate Pollutants in 2014, followed by the Second National Action Plan for Reducing Short-Lived Climate Pollutants, which was adopted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in 2018.

The plan also has the potential to reduce methane emissions by 20% and black carbon emissions by 53%, which will contribute to the countries international climate commitments under the Paris Agreement. If fully implemented, the plan will also lead to direct in-country benefits derived from improved air quality, including an estimated 16,300 avoided premature deaths.

Bangladesh continues to receive support from the SNAP initiative to integrate its national SLCP plan into other national climate change planning processes, including its revised Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).

Objectives

The SNAP initiative provides technical assistance and funding to partner countries to supporot their national planning process on short-lived climate pollutants, and implement resulting mitigation measures. This work includes:
  

  • Strengthening coordination and action on short-lived climate pollutants
  • Identifying major emission sources, their likely evolution and mitigation potential
  • Assessing the co-benefits of action
  • Prioritising the most relevant measures at a national scale
  • Identifying ways to promote and implement these mitigation measures
  • Incorporating short-lived climate pollutants into existing plans and activities where they are not currently considered
  • Supporting the implementation of priority measures and track progress

What we're doing

Phase I – National Planning – Complete

Bangladesh played a key role in establishing and participating in the first phase of the SNAP Initiative. In 2013, a partnership agreement was signed by the CCAC and the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in order to begin national planning exercises. A national team was formed which included the Bureau of Research Testing and Consultation (BRTC), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET). With the support of the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and the CCAC, this team undertook baseline assessments of SLCPs in Bangladesh, compiling existing data and relevant information from development programmes, policies and legislation related to SLCPs, and mapped institutional arrangements to identify relevant government stakeholders. Using this information, SLCP emission scenarios for 2030 were developed, mitigation measures were identified, and the benefits of implementation were assessed.

Following this analysis, an intensive consultation process took place to identify implementation pathways and address likely challenges. Relevant sectoral and government stakeholders proposed policies, programmes and pilot projects for each identified mitigation measure and assessed the likelihood of success. Proposals with the highest likelihood of success were prioritized, and results were then compiled into the 1st Nation Action Plan for Reducing SLCPs and peer-reviewed to serve as the basis for further stages of planning.

Phase II – National Planning and Institutional Strengthening – Complete

Between 2016 and 2018, the SNAP initiative provided institutional strengthening support to the Department of Environment aimed at facilitating the coordination and planning on short-lived climate pollutants. A unit was established and coordinated the second phase of the national planning process. Technical workshops were organised to strengthen the understanding of the co-benefits of mitigating SLCPs, provide training to develop SLCP emission analysis, and identify nationally relevant priority actions.  

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change organised several consultations on its draft national plan, which was officially endorsed in 2018. Bangladesh’s National Action Plan for Reducing Short-Lived Climate Pollutants includes 11 priority measures in six key sectors including transportation, household energy, fossil fuel production and transport, waste management, and agriculture and livestock. The full implementation of mitigation measures would reduce black carbon emissions by 72% by 2040, and methane emissions by 37%. The highest priority measures include introducing clean-burning biomass stoves for cooking, replacing traditional brick kilns with modern technologies, and eliminating high emitting road transport vehicles.

Phase III – Support with the implementation of the SLCP Strategy – Ongoing

Following the endorsement of the plan by the government of Bangladesh, a work plan was established between the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and the SNAP initiative in support of the coordination of the implementation of the National Action Plan for Reducing Short-Lived Climate Pollutants. Integrating the national SLCP plan into other national climate change planning processes such as the revised Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) remains a priority in order to ensure an effective and integrated approach to implementation. As such, phase III of the SNAP initiative will focus on the following objectives:

  • Build capacity within the Climate Change Unit of the Department of Environment to continue integrated assessments of GHGs, SLCPs and air pollutant emissions using the LEAP-IBC tool;
  • Continue to define the link between the national plan and the NDC revision process and projects through discussions with the Department of Environment, the CCAC, and other relevant stakeholders;
  • Develop a quantitative analysis of the GHG, SLCP and air pollutant emission reduction potential of all relevant plans, strategies and policies in Bangladesh related to climate change planning and SLCP mitigation;
  • Identify the most effective implementation pathways for priority SLCP mitigation measures in Bangladesh

SNAP Workshop, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Group photo from the SNAP Workshop in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Who's involved

Lead Partner: A Coalition partner with an active role in coordinating, monitoring and guiding the work of an initiative.

Implementer: A Coalition partner or actor receiving Coalition funds to implement an activity or initiative.

Partners (6)

Resources & tools

Activity contact

Elsa Lefèvre,
SNAP Initiative Coordinator
Elsa.Lefevre [at] un.org

Initiatives

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