About CCAC Initiatives

The CCAC is reducing SLCPs by focusing on practical action in 11 key areas. These 11 initiatives were chosen to ensure rapid delivery of climate and clean air benefits by reducing key short-lived climate pollutants, including methane, black carbon and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). They seek to promote near-term reductions of SLCPs at a substantial scale worldwide, and to engage high-level stakeholders. Seven initiatives focus on single sector activities, while the remaining four cut across a variety of sectors.

Single sector

Single sector initiatives focus on specific SLCP producing activities to identify the most cost-efficient and practical pathways to reduce emissions. These initiatives work closely with communities, industry, NGOs and policy makers in each sector to improve technology, practices and policies for specific pollutants.

Black carbon

This initiative works to reduce the climate and health impacts of black carbon and particulate matter (PM) emissions in the transport sector.

Indonesia Clean Ports Strategy: Best Practices Paper on reducing PM/BC from ports and report on Calculating a Baseline Air Emissions inventory for the Port of Tanjung Priok.
East Africa Strategy: Through CCAC support, UNEP supported the drafting and introduction of a political decision at the East African Community Regional Ministerial Meeting, on harmonization of diesel sulfur standard to 50 ppm or less.
Latin America Strategy: DPF retrofit program in buses in two Latin American cities ongoing in Lima and Montevideo and the adoption of low sulfur standards in Latin American countries: Peru, Panama, Barbados, Colombia, Uruguay all went to 50ppm or below.
Global Green Freight Action Plan was launched at the International Transport Forum, and a dedicated website (www.globalgreenfreight.org) established to host the Action Plan and facilitate outreach and dissemination of the green freight guide.
Mexico has formally proposed a revision to its NOM-044 standard that will make it the first middle-income country in the world to adopt and implement world-class, filter-based standards for heavy-duty vehicles.
Cost Benefit Anlaysis report prepared with CCAC support provides a strong case for the introduction of stringent new vehicle emissions and fuel quality standards in China.
The Global Green Freight Action Plan was formally launched at the International Transport Forum’s 2015 Summit in May, 2015. The plan received support from some 51 governments, organizations and companies at the UN Secretary General’s Climate Summit, 2014.
Oil & Gas
Black carbon

This initiative seeks to work with key stakeholders to encourage cooperation and support the implementation of new and existing measures to substantially reduce methane emissions from natural gas venting, leakage, and flaring. The Initiative currently has two components: The CCAC Oil & Gas Methane Partnership, and a Technology Demonstration Project to reduce black carbon from gas flares.

The Initiative garnered high level support and private sector buy-in to create an Oil & Gas Methane Partnership, which was launched at the SG's Climate Summit in 2014. Seven companies have now signed.
Pre-fieldwork and equipment calibration, measurement and compilation of data has taken place in Mexico and Colombia, indicating mitigation potential.
Country-specific coefficients to calculate health benefits was produced for Mexico.
In-person outreach with companies has been conducted, presentations at key events in the European, Middle Eastern and Asian and Pacific region, and a series of webinars adding up to 12 hours of training were held.
Black carbon

This initiative addresses methane, black carbon, and other air pollutants emissions across the municipal solid waste sector by working with cities and national governments.

The Waste Initiative is undertaking city baseline assessments of the waste situation in 6 additional cities and work plans for additional 4, bringing the total number of city assessments supported to 30 and work plans for 16..
Five training workshops were attended by 70 cities globally.
An Emissions Quantification Tool that enables cities to identify suitable alternative solutions and define climate friendly waste management systems has been launched.
A results-based funding mechanism for one pilot city was tested in Penang/Malaysia and is now being adopted.
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC)

This initiative targets governments and the private sector to address rapidly growing HFC emissions, which could account for as much as 19% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2050, if left unchecked.

The national-level inventories of HFCs in 6 developing countries has been completed. These inventories record current and projected future use of HFCs as well as opportunities to avoid growth in high-GWP HFCs through policies and other measures.
A Statement signed by 57 state and non-state entities, supporting an amendment to phase-down the production and consumption of HFCs under the Montreal Protocol, was submitted to the UN Secretary General’s Climate Summit.
A Feasibility Study for District Cooling in Maldives has been carried out to provide information on cost and financing options available for implementing climate-friendly district cooling technology on the island.
A new set of Case Studies focusing on the commercial refrigeration and transport refrigeration sub-sectors has been produced.
The private sector is leading the way in reducing HFC demand, consumption and emissions through the launch of the Global Food Cold Chain Council (GFCCC) and a Global Refrigerant Management Initiative (GRMI).
Household Energy
Black carbon
Tropospheric ozone

Household cooking and domestic heating are major sources of significant contributors to global climate change like carbon dioxide, and a number of short lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) including: methane and black carbon. Residential solid fuel burning is responsible for 25% of all black carbon emissions. 84% of these homes are in developing countries. 

Black carbon
Tropospheric ozone

Crop production, livestock production and related land use activities make the agriculture sector one of the largest sources of short-lived climate pollutants. Combined, the agriculture and forestry sectors are responsible for 24% of all greenhouse gases emitted worldwide, including roughly 40% of global black carbon emissions and half of all anthropogenic methane emissions. Coalition partners are currently working to advance methane and black carbon abatement or recovery practices from four key emission sources in the agriculture sector.

Cross cutting

These initiatives cut across different sectors in ways that accelerate emissions reductions across all short-lived climate pollutants. Changes in policies and practices in these areas can affect change across a wide range of polluting activities.

Black carbon
Tropospheric ozone
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC)

Measures to mitigate SLCPs have been assessed at a global and regional level and now need to be incorporated into national policies and actions. This initiative has developed a program to support National Action Plans for SLCPs, including national inventory development, building on existing air quality, climate change and development agreements, and assessment, prioritization, and demonstration of promising SLCP mitigation measures.

1. The national plans from SNAP Phase I in Mexico have informed the inclusion of SLCPs into national regulation, and all SLCPs are to be included in Mexico's Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) under the UNFCCC this year.
2. The national plan in Bangladesh has been endorsed as a government-owned plan. Four additional countries are to be supported in Phase II: Cote d'Ivoire, Nigeria, Morocco and Peru.
3. Institutional strengthening projects are about to start in 14 countries: Bangladesh, Chile, Colombia, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Jordan, Liberia, Mexico, Maldives, Morocco, Nigeria, Peru, and Togo.
4. Mexico, Bangladesh, Ghana and Colombia have developed a first version of their National Planning Document and are now in the process of refining these plans.
5. A SNAP toolkit has been developed, incorporating LEAP-IBC supported by BenMAP-CE, which can be used to develop relevant emission scenarios and estimate benefits for climate, health and crop yields.
6. Training has been provided in the use of LEAP-IBC to SNAP countries in Africa and Latin America and Asia.
7. 14 countries are currently receiving institutional strengthening support from the SNAP initiative: Bangladesh, Chile, Colombia, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Jordan, Liberia, Maldives, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Peru and Togo.
Black carbon
Tropospheric ozone
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC)

The CCAC Financing Initiative is a cross-cutting action to bolster financial flows towards SLCP mitigation for reductions scale-up. 

Feasibility assessments were completed for three CCAC sector initiatives – diesel, cookstoves and brick kilns to design and set up the SLCP Finance Innovation Facility.
The Black Carbon Finance Study Group delivered its report which identifies existing funding mechanisms that are in a position to finance activities, technologies and policies that will help cut black carbon emissions.
A Roster of experts is being established and a webinar was held to disseminate FIF results.
Black carbon
Tropospheric ozone
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC)

There is a need for in-depth assessments of SLCPs in key regions to help shape regional cooperation as well as the action of national governments, and to encourage new action. The Latin American and Caribbean region is the first target, with Asia and the Pacific to follow.

High Level Meeting on Policy Perspectives involving 13 countries was held to provide recommendations on how the assessment can be presented to increase the uptake and implementation of the findings by governments and decision makers.
Regional Assessment Initiative, in the second half of 2015, kicked off the development of the Asia and the Pacific regional assessment to be carried out in collaboration with the Asia Pacific Clean Air Partnership (APCAP) Science Panel.
Black carbon
Tropospheric ozone
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC)

The overall goal of the initiative is to realize reductions in SLCPs in cities through joint, complementary action by the urban health and development sectors, and by reinforcing the important linkage between SLCP mitigation, air pollution mitigation and health benefits. The initiative will provide a framework for collaboration among health, environment and economic actors to achieve reductions across key sectors: transport, waste, housing, energy industry and power generation.

The Initiative carried out a scoping study and gap analysis to determine the extent and ways in which SLCPs and related health benefits were being considered. A broad range of stakeholders were consulted at key events.
A basic communications package, with a campaign slogan, banners and briefing package, as well as a 3D poster on air pollution, climate and health were developed and used for outreach.
An exhibit featuring artworks on air pollution, climate and health, entitled BREATHE, was held at WMO during the CCAC Working Group meeting and WHA.
WHO and CCAC release a scoping report that provides information for policy makers on the direct and indirect health effects of SLCPs and the key mitigation actions that can produce major climate and health benefits.
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